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Solution Manual (Complete Download) Drugs and the Neuroscience of Behavior An Introduction to Psychopharmacology 2nd Edition By Adam Prus ISBN: 9781506338941 Instantly Downloadable Solution Manual

Test Bank For Drugs and the Neuroscience of Behavior An Introduction to Psychopharmacology 2nd Edition By Prus

Test Bank For Drugs and the Neuroscience of Behavior An Introduction to Psychopharmacology 2nd Edition By Adam Prus, ISBN: 9781506338941

The up-to-date Second Edition presents an introduction to the rapidly advancing field of psychopharmacology by examining how drug actions in the brain affect psychological processes. The book provides historical background to give readers an appreciation for the development of drug treatments and neuroscience over time, covering major topics in psychopharmacology, including new drugs and recent trends in drug use. Pedagogical features informed by the latest scholarship in teaching and learning are integrated throughout the text to ensure that readers are able to process and understand the material with ease.

Table Of Content

Preface
About the Author
1 Introduction to Psychopharmacology
Psychopharmacology

Why Read a Book on Psychopharmacology?

Drugs: Administered Substances That Alter Physiological Functions

Psychoactive Drugs: Described by Manner of Use

Generic Names, Trade Names, and Street Names for Drugs

Drug Effects: Determined by Dose

Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacogenetics

Psychoactive Drugs: Objective and Subjective Effects

Study Designs and the Assessment of Psychoactive Drugs

Validity: Addressing the Quality and Impact of a Study

Animals and Advancing Medical Research

Researchers Consider Many Ethical Issues When Conducting Human Research

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Therapeutic Drug Development

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

2 The Nervous System
Cells in the Nervous System

The Nervous System: Control of Behavior and Physiological Functions

Cerebral Blood Flow and Cerebrospinal Fluid

Genes and the Physiological Processes of Cells

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Gilal Scars and Recovery From Brain Injury

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

3 Neurotransmission
Electrical Events Within a Neuron and the Release of Neurotransmitters

Nerve Impulses: Electrical Potential Changes in Neurons

Propagation of Action Potentials Down Axons

Neurotransmitters: Signaling Molecules for Neuronal Communication

Neurotransmission: Neurotransmitter Binding to Receptors

Different Types of Neurotransmitters and Communication

Monoamine Neurotransmitters: Dopamine, Norepinephrine, Epinephrine, and Serotonin

Acetylcholine

Neuropeptides: A Large Class of Neurotransmitters

Nitric Oxide: A Unique Neurotransmitter

Other Types of Chemical Transmission in the Nervous System

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Treating Alzheimer’s Disease

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

4 Properties of Drugs
Pharmacokinetic Properties and Drug Passage Through the Body

Pharmacodynamics: Describing the Actions of Drugs

Psychoactive Drugs and Receptors

Neurotoxins and Damage to the Nervous System

Adaptations to Chronic Drug Use

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Heroin Tolerance and Overdose

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

5 Drugs of Abuse
Regulatory Agencies and Drug Classification

Clinical Definitions and the Diagnosis of Drug Addiction

Theoretical Models and the Features of Drug Addiction

Drugs of Abuse and Reward Circuitry

Drug Abuse and Changes to Learning and Memory Systems

Neurobiology and the Stages of Drug Addiction

Mortality and Drug Addiction

Psychological and Pharmacological Therapies for Treating Drug Dependence

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Food Addiction

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

6 Psychostimulants
Psychostimulants: A Large Variety of Substances

Psychostimulants: Herbal Remedies, Prescription Drugs, and Substances of Abuse

Pharmacokinetics of Psychostimulants

Psychostimulants and Monoamine Neurotransmitters

Pharmacological Effects of Psychostimulants

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Treatments for Psychostimulant Addiction

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

7 Nicotine and Caffeine
Nicotine: Key Psychoactive Ingredient in Tobacco

Discovery of Tobacco

Tobacco Use and Pharmacokinetic Properties

Nicotine and Nervous System Functioning

Nicotine’s Potent Pharmacological Effects

Nicotine Affects Movement and Cognitive Functioning

Environmental, Genetic, and Receptor Differences Between Light and Heavy Tobacco Users

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Why People Smoke and How They Quit

Caffeine

Caffeine Absorption, Duration, and Interaction With Other Psychoactive Drugs

Caffeine: Antagonist for Adenosine Receptors

Caffeine: Mild Psychostimulant Effects

Tolerance and Dependence During Sustained Caffeine Use

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Why People Consume Caffeinated Products

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

8 Alcohol
Alcohol: The Most Commonly Used Depressant Substance

Alcohol Production Through Fermentation and Distillation

The History of Alcohol Consumption

Pharmacokinetic Factors and Alcohol’s Effects

Alcohol and Central Nervous System Functioning

Pharmacological Effects of Alcohol

Treating Alcohol Addiction

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Hangover

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

9 GHB and Inhalants
Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate

History of GHB

Inhalants

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Stimulus Properties of GHB and Toluene

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

10 Opioids
Opioids: Natural and Synthetic

History of Opium Use

Pharmacokinetic Properties and Opioid Abuse

Opioid Drug Interactions With the Endogenous Opioid System

Opioid Drugs: Classification by Receptor Action

Opioid System Interactions With Reward, Pain, and Stress Systems

Opioid Reinforcing and Analgesic Effects

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Pharmacological Approaches for Treating Opioid Addiction

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

11 Cannabinoids
Historical Use of Cannabis

Methods of Cannabis Preparation and Use

Cannabinoid Compounds and the Endocannabinoid System

Cannabinoids and CB1 and CB2 Receptors

Physiological Effects of Cannabinoids

Behavioral Effects of Cannabinoids

Subjective Effects of Cannabinoids

Cannabinoid Tolerance and Dependence

Cannabis and Health Risk

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Medical Marijuana

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

12 Psychedelic Drugs
Hallucinogens

LSD’s Mild Physiological Effects and Profound Hallucinogenic Effects

Mixed Stimulant–Psychedelic Drugs

Recreational Use of Dissociative Anesthetics

Other Psychedelic Drugs

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Synesthesia

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

13 Treatments for Depression and Bipolar Disorder
Mental Disorders

Depression

Bipolar Disorder

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Pharmacogenetic Factors and Treatment Response in Depression

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

14 Treatments for Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders

Structures Involved in Fear and Anxiety

Anxious Feelings, the Amygdala, and the Sympathetic Nervous System

Stress and the HPA Axis

Anxiolytic and Antidepressant Drugs and the Treatment of Anxiety

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: How Do Antidepressant Drugs Reduce Anxiety?

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

15 Antipsychotic Drugs
Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia’s Complex Neurobiological Profile

A Brief History of Schizophrenia and Its Treatment

Neurotransmission Hypotheses for Schizophrenia

Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs

Antipsychotic Drugs and Autism

FROM ACTIONS TO EFFECTS: Antipsychotic Drug Actions and Neurotransmission in Schizophrenia

CHAPTER SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

References
Author Index
Subject Index

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