Solution Manual (Complete Download) Corrections The Essentials 3rd Edition By Anthony Walsh, Mary K. Stohr ISBN: 9781506365268, ISBN: 9781544324661 Instantly Downloadable Solution Manual
Test Bank For Corrections The Essentials 3rd Edition By Stohr
Test Bank For Corrections The Essentials 3rd Edition By Mary K. Stohr, Anthony Walsh, ISBN: 9781544324661, ISBN: 9781506365268, ISBN: 9781544344829, ISBN: 9781544359090
Written by former practitioners who are experts in the field, Corrections: The Essentials, Third Edition, addresses the most important topics in corrections in a brief, yet comprehensive format. Authors Mary K. Stohr and Anthony Walsh introduce students to the history and development of correctional institutions, while offering a unique perspective on ethics and diversity. The Third Edition provides insights into the future of corrections as well as updated coverage of the most important issues impacting the field today.
New to the Third Edition
Updated and expanded coverage of ethical considerations, special populations, and the history of corrections provides students with the context for understanding policy decisions and their consequences, both past and present.
More coverage on disparities in sentencing and drug courts encourages students to think critically about U.S. drug policies and the effectiveness of those policies.
Additional content on federal procedures and private prisons shows real examples of private prisons, their profit motives, and the effect they have had on the correctional system.
The most current data, facts, figures, and research are included throughout the book to provide students with insights into today’s world of corrections.
Table Of Content
Chapter 1. The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections
Introduction: What Is Corrections?
From Arrest to Punishment
The Major Punishment Justifications
The Due Process and Crime Control Models and Cultural Comparisons
Chapter 2. Correctional History: Ancient Times to Colonial Jails
Introduction: The Evolving Practice of Corrections
Themes: Truths That Underlie Correctional Practice
Early Punishments in Westernized Countries
Colonial Jails and Prisons
Chapter 3. Correctional History: The 17th to 20th Centuries
Introduction: The Grand Reforms
Early Modern Prisons and the Pennsylvania and New York Models
Early Prisons and Jails Not Reformed
The Renewed Promise of Reform
Southern and Northern Prisons, the Contract and Lease Systems, and Industrial Prisons
Correctional Institutions or Warehouse Prisons?
Themes That Prevail in Correctional History
Chapter 4. Ethics and Corrections
Introduction: To Do the Right Thing!
Ethical Foundation for Professional Practice
Why People Behave Unethically
How to Prevent Unethical Behavior and Promote Ethical Work Practices
War on Drugs = Attack on Ethics?
Chapter 5. Sentencing: The Application of Punishment
Introduction: What Is Sentencing?
Types of Sentences: Indeterminate, Determinate, and Mandatory
Habitual Offender Statutes
Other Types of Sentences: Shock, Split, and Non-custodial Sentences
Sentencing by Civil Commitment for Sex Offenders
Sentencing Disparity, Legitimate and Illegitimate
Structuring Sentencing: The Presentence Investigation Report
Structured Sentencing: Sentencing Guidelines
The Future of Sentencing Guidelines
Chapter 6. Jails and Detention Centers
Introduction: The Community Institution
Jail Inmates and Their Processing
Trends in Jail Populations
Suicides, Gangs, and Sexual Violence in Jails
Innovations in Jails
Chapter 7. Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediary Sanctions
Introduction: The Origins of Probation
Number and Demographic Characteristics of Offenders on Probation
Why Do We Need Community Corrections?
The Probation Officer Role
Models of Probation Supervision
Probation Violations and Graduated Sanctions
Probation Officer Stress
Engaging the Community to Prevent Recidivism
Chapter 8. Prisons and the Correctional Client
Introduction: The State of Prisons
Attributes of the Prison That Shape the Experience
The Prison Subculture
Chapter 9. The Corrections Experience for Staff
Introduction: What Is a Profession?
The State of the Work in Correctional Institutions and Programs
Why Require More Education and Training?
Individual-Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace
The Subculture and Socialization
Staff Interactions With Inmates
Chapter 10. Community Corrections: Parole and Prisoner Reentry
Introduction: What Is Parole?
What Goes In Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry Into the Community
The Impact of Imprisonment and Reentry on Communities
What Makes for a Successful Reentry?
Determining Parole “Success”
Parole Violations and Graduated Sanctions
House Arrest, Electronic Monitoring, and Global Positioning Systems
Concluding Remarks on Reentry and Recidivism
Chapter 11. Women and Corrections
History and Growth
Women and Girls in Corrections Today
Female Correctional Officers
Chapter 12. Minorities and Corrections
Defining Race, Ethnicity, Disparity, and Discrimination
A Legacy of Racism
The Connection Between Class and Race/ Ethnicity
Minorities: Policies and Practices That Have Resulted in Increased Incarceration
Minorities: Experiencing Incarceration
Chapter 13. Juveniles and Corrections
Introduction: Delinquency and Status Offending
The Extent of Delinquency
The Juvenile Brain and Juvenile Behavior
History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice
Childhood in the United States
The Beginning of the Juvenile Courts
Processing Juvenile Offenders
Juvenile Community Corrections
Residential and Institutional Juvenile Corrections
Chapter 14. Legal Issues in Corrections
The Rule of Law
The Hands-Off Period: 1866–1963
The Prisoners’ Rights Period: 1964–1978
The Deference Period: 1997–Present
The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders
Curtailing Prisoner Petitions
Legal Issues in Probation and Parole
Chapter 15. Correctional Programming and Treatment
Introduction: The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation
The Shift From “Nothing Works” to “What Works?”
Substance Abuse Programming
Sex Offenders and Their Treatment
Mentally Ill Offenders
Chapter 16. The Death Penalty
Introduction: The Death Penalty and Public Opinion
Methods of Execution Used in the United States
Legal Challenges to the Death Penalty
Does the Death Penalty Deter?
Financial Costs and the Death Penalty
Racial Disparity in Death Sentences
Women and the Death Penalty
The Death Penalty and Mental Disability
The Death Penalty and Mental Illness
The Innocence Revolution
Chapter 17. Corrections in the 21st Century
Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future
Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections
Professionalization and Innovation
Answers to Test Your Knowledge
About the Authors